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Contoh Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA

Soal UN Bahasa Inggris MA
Berikut ini admin bagikan Contoh Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA / Sederajat beserta dengan kunci jawabannya. Bagi adik-adik yang akan menghadapi ujian Nasional tahun 2014/2015 silahkan dipelajari sebagai laitan, semoga bermanfaat.
In almost all developing countries, the lack of adequate supplies of cheap, convenient and reliable fuel is major problem. Rural communities depend largely on kerosene, wood and dung for their cooking and lighting needs. But kerosene is now priced out of reach of many people and wood, except in heavily forested areas, is in short supply. The search for firewood occupies a large part of the working day and has resulted in widespread deforestation.

Dung is in constant supply wherever there are farm animals and, when dried, it is convenient to store and use. But burning dung destroys its values as fertilizer, thus depriving the soil of the much needed source of humus and nitrogen.

Rural areas of developing countries are also plagued by a lack of adequate sanitation. Improper waste disposal spreads disease, contaminates water sources and provides breeding ground for diseases-carrying insects.

The problem of improving environmental hygiene, conserving resources, and finding alternative sources of fuel may be unrelated. Their solutions, however, are not, as many countries experimenting with biogas technology are discovering. Biogas, a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide, is produced by the fermentation of organic matter. The process of anaerobic fermentation is a natural one, occurring when every living matter decomposes. By keeping the matter, – and the process – in a digester or biogas plant the combustible gas can be trapped and used as fuel for household lighting and cooking. The digested slurry that remains can be used on the land as a soil conditioner and fertilizer.
01. The main problems mentioned in the text are ….
(A) pollution and the high price of fuel
(B) widespread deforestation and the use of dung
(C) the lack of adequate fuel and hygienic condition
(D) the lack of humus and nitrogen in the soil
(E) contaminated water sources and rural areas
02. The disadvantage of traditional fuels used in developing countries is that they .... 
(A) reduce people‘s energy
(B) are difficult to extract
(C) make the soil poor
(D) do not meet people needs
(E) cause damage to the environment
03. The main factor causing the lack of adequate sanitation is.... 
(A) the domestic biogas
(B) the pollution of water sources
(C) the great number farm animal
(D) the badly managed waste disposal
(E) the increase of disease- carrying insects

04. What is the text mainly about? 
(A) A hygienic way to overcome lack of fuel and fertilizer.
(B) The process of producing biogas.
(C) The effect of burning dung on the soil.
(D) Biogas as a solution to many problems.
(E) The disadvantages of using dung as fuel.

05. As an inexhaustible source of energy, the sun will never stop shining. 
The underlined word means ....
(A) never used up completely
(B) easy to get burned
(C) reduce quickly
(D) wasted easily
(E) economically

1. C
2. E
3. D
4. D
5. A

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